El impacto de la pandemia de COVID-19 en el turismo de la Península Balcánica

  • Desislava Varadzhakova Instituto Nacional de Geofísica, Geodesia y Geografía de la Academia de las Ciencias de Bulgaria
Palabras clave: Turismo, COVID-19, Península Balcánica

Resumen

El turismo es uno de los sectores económicos más afectados por la pandemia del COVID-19 a nivel global. Para evaluar las consecuencias provocadas por el confinamiento y las restricciones de los viajes a zonas turísticas, es necesario realizar análisis regionales. La península Balcánica es una de las tres grandes penínsulas del sur de Europa. Los recursos turísticos naturales y antropogénicos de la Península siempre han sido un requisito para el desarrollo de la zona como un destino turístico atractivo. El acceso al Mar Negro en el este, al Mar Egeo en el sur y a los mares Adriático y Jónico en el oeste definen el interés de los turistas al turismo de sol y playa. En las montañas de la península Balcánica como: Rila, Pirin, Ródope y los Montes Balcanes, que dieron el nombre de la península, se hallan algunas de las famosas estaciones internacionales de esquí. En estas zonas se han desarrollado varias rutas de senderismo y existen las condiciones propicias para el ecoturismo. Por eso, el objetivo principal del artículo es analizar el impacto de la pandemia en el turismo de los países que se encuentran totalmente en esta región de Europa. Se analizan los datos oficiales sobre los principales indicadores turísticos de los países que se encuentran íntegramente en el territorio de la Península Balcánica (Albania, Bosnia y Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Grecia, Kosovo, Macedonia del Norte, Montenegro).

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Publicado
2022-07-05
Cómo citar
Varadzhakova, D. (2022). El impacto de la pandemia de COVID-19 en el turismo de la Península Balcánica. Revista Internacional De Gestión, Innovación Y Sostenibilidad Turística - RIGISTUR - ISSN 2806-5700, 2(1), 20-28. Recuperado a partir de http://revistasespam.espam.edu.ec/index.php/rigistur/article/view/305
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